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Установка Zabbix агента на ОС Windows

  • 07 июля 2015

В этой статье мы расскажем, как установить Zabbix агента на машинах с операционной системой Windows. В нашем примере будем устанавливать агента на ОС Windows XP 32bit, установка для более современных версий Windows ничем не отличается. Вообще Zabbix агент работает под ОС Windows: 2000, Server 2003, XP, Vista, Server 2008, 7 (информация с официального сайта).

Для начала необходимо узнать версию Zabbix. Самый простой способ, посмотреть на страницу авторизации.

В нашем случае версия Zabbix 2.4.4. Далее переходим на сайт Zabbix и скачиваем Zabbix агента (вашей версии Zabbix) для Windows. Если ваша версия Zabbix такая же как у нас, то вот прямая ссылка.

Создадим каталог C:\Program Files\Zabbix. Распакуем архив с Zabbix агентом в созданный каталог.

В каталоге C:\Program Files\Zabbix\conf zabbix_agentd.win.conf переименовываем в zabbix_agentd.conf и отредактируем.

Нам интересны следующие строки:

  • Место где хранятся логи

LogFile=c:\program files\zabbix_agentd.log

  • Максимальный размер логов

LogFileSize=10

  • IP адрес сервера Zabbix

Server=192.168.0.10

  • Порт, для прослушивания Zabbix агента

ListenPort=10050

Все остальное оставляем по умолчанию.

В итоговом виде файл будет выглядеть так:

# This is a config file for the Zabbix agent daemon (Windows)
# To get more information about Zabbix, go to http://www.zabbix.com

############ GENERAL PARAMETERS #################

### Option: LogFile
# Name of log file.
# If not set, Windows Event Log is used.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogFile=

LogFile=c:\program files\zabbix_agentd.log

### Option: LogFileSize
# Maximum size of log file in MB.
# 0 - disable automatic log rotation.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1024
# Default:
LogFileSize=10

### Option: DebugLevel
# Specifies debug level
# 0 - basic information about starting and stopping of Zabbix processes
# 1 - critical information
# 2 - error information
# 3 - warnings
# 4 - for debugging (produces lots of information)
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-4
# Default:
# DebugLevel=3

### Option: SourceIP
# Source IP address for outgoing connections.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# SourceIP=

### Option: EnableRemoteCommands
# Whether remote commands from Zabbix server are allowed.
# 0 - not allowed
# 1 - allowed
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# EnableRemoteCommands=0

### Option: LogRemoteCommands
# Enable logging of executed shell commands as warnings.
# 0 - disabled
# 1 - enabled
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogRemoteCommands=0

##### Passive checks related

### Option: Server
# List of comma delimited IP addresses (or hostnames) of Zabbix servers.
# Incoming connections will be accepted only from the hosts listed here.
# If IPv6 support is enabled then '127.0.0.1', '::127.0.0.1', '::ffff:127.0.0.1' are treated equally.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
Server=192.168.0.10

### Option: ListenPort
# Agent will listen on this port for connections from the server.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1024-32767
# Default:
ListenPort=10050

### Option: ListenIP
# List of comma delimited IP addresses that the agent should listen on.
# First IP address is sent to Zabbix server if connecting to it to retrieve list of active checks.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# ListenIP=0.0.0.0

### Option: StartAgents
# Number of pre-forked instances of zabbix_agentd that process passive checks.
# If set to 0, disables passive checks and the agent will not listen on any TCP port.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-100
# Default:
# StartAgents=3

##### Active checks related

### Option: ServerActive
# List of comma delimited IP:port (or hostname:port) pairs of Zabbix servers for active checks.
# If port is not specified, default port is used.
# IPv6 addresses must be enclosed in square brackets if port for that host is specified.
# If port is not specified, square brackets for IPv6 addresses are optional.
# If this parameter is not specified, active checks are disabled.
# Example: ServerActive=127.0.0.1:20051,zabbix.domain,[::1]:30051,::1,[12fc::1]
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# ServerActive=

ServerActive=127.0.0.1

### Option: Hostname
# Unique, case sensitive hostname.
# Required for active checks and must match hostname as configured on the server.
# Value is acquired from HostnameItem if undefined.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Hostname=

Hostname=Windows host

### Option: HostnameItem
# Item used for generating Hostname if it is undefined. Ignored if Hostname is defined.
# Does not support UserParameters or aliases.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# HostnameItem=system.hostname

### Option: HostMetadata
# Optional parameter that defines host metadata.
# Host metadata is used at host auto-registration process.
# An agent will issue an error and not start if the value is over limit of 255 characters.
# If not defined, value will be acquired from HostMetadataItem.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-255 characters
# Default:
# HostMetadata=

### Option: HostMetadataItem
# Optional parameter that defines an item used for getting host metadata.
# Host metadata is used at host auto-registration process.
# During an auto-registration request an agent will log a warning message if
# the value returned by specified item is over limit of 255 characters.
# This option is only used when HostMetadata is not defined.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# HostMetadataItem=

### Option: RefreshActiveChecks
# How often list of active checks is refreshed, in seconds.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 60-3600
# Default:
# RefreshActiveChecks=120

### Option: BufferSend
# Do not keep data longer than N seconds in buffer.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
# BufferSend=5

### Option: BufferSize
# Maximum number of values in a memory buffer. The agent will send
# all collected data to Zabbix server or Proxy if the buffer is full.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 2-65535
# Default:
# BufferSize=100

### Option: MaxLinesPerSecond
# Maximum number of new lines the agent will send per second to Zabbix Server
# or Proxy processing 'log', 'logrt' and 'eventlog' active checks.
# The provided value will be overridden by the parameter 'maxlines',
# provided in 'log', 'logrt' or 'eventlog' item keys.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-1000
# Default:
# MaxLinesPerSecond=100

############ ADVANCED PARAMETERS #################

### Option: Alias
# Sets an alias for an item key. It can be used to substitute long and complex item key with a smaller and simpler one.
# Multiple Alias parameters may be present. Multiple parameters with the same Alias key are not allowed.
# Different Alias keys may reference the same item key.
# For example, to retrieve paging file usage in percents from the server:
# Alias=pg_usage:perf_counter[\Paging File(_Total)\% Usage]
# Now shorthand key pg_usage may be used to retrieve data.
# Aliases can be used in HostMetadataItem but not in HostnameItem or PerfCounter parameters.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range:
# Default:

### Option: Timeout
# Spend no more than Timeout seconds on processing
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-30
# Default:
# Timeout=3

### Option: PerfCounter
# Syntax: ,"",
# Defines new parameter which is an average value for system performance counter for the specified time period (in seconds).
# For example, if you wish to receive average number of processor interrupts per second for last minute, you can define new parameter "interrupts" as following:
# PerfCounter = interrupts,"\Processor(0)\Interrupts/sec",60
# Please note double quotes around performance counter path.
# Samples for calculating average value will be taken every second.
# You may run "typeperf -qx" to get list of all performance counters available in Windows.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range:
# Default:

### Option: Include
# You may include individual files in the configuration file.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# Include=

# Include=c:\zabbix\zabbix_agentd.userparams.conf
# Include=c:\zabbix\zabbix_agentd.conf.d\
# Include=c:\zabbix\zabbix_agentd.conf.d\*.conf

####### USER-DEFINED MONITORED PARAMETERS #######

### Option: UnsafeUserParameters
# Allow all characters to be passed in arguments to user-defined parameters.
# 0 - do not allow
# 1 - allow
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1
# Default:
# UnsafeUserParameters=0

### Option: UserParameter# User-defined parameter to monitor. There can be several user-defined parameters.
# Format: UserParameter=,
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# UserParameter=

После создания конфигурационного файла необходимо установить агента на машине. Для этого в командной строке (cmd) вводим следующую команду.

"c:\program files\zabbix\bin\win32\zabbix_agentd.exe" --config "c:\program files\zabbix\conf\zabbix_agentd.conf" --install

Далее запускаем агента.

"c:\program files\zabbix\bin\win32\zabbix_agentd.exe" --config "c:\program files\zabbix\conf\zabbix_agentd.conf" --start

Для просмотра доступных для мониторинга компонентов, введите следующую команду.

"c:\program files\zabbix\bin\win32\zabbix_agentd.exe" --config "c:\program files\zabbix\conf\zabbix_agentd.conf" --print

Далее на сервере Zabbix создаем новый хост и подключаем к нему шаблон для Windows.

zabbix_windows_3



Если все сделано корректно, то во вкладке Configurations->Hosts напротив вашего хоста увидите следующее:

И уже скоро вы начнете получать данные с вашей Windows машины.

 
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